Dataset citation and referencing formats

Researchers are encouraged to make their data available and so you may find yourself citing this data in your publications.

Data are the findings/observations from a research project. It may be raw or processed data and can come in many forms including field notes, digital files, test results, questionnaires, and recordings.

When you use these data you must cite them and each reference should at least include a DOI or a URL.  Like everything else each referencing style has its own referencing method however required elements are:

  • creator
  • publication year
  • title
  • publisher identifier

Optional elements are:

  • version
  • resource type (as appropriate)

Below are some examples.

APA
Commonwealth Department of Health and Ageing, et al. (2010). The 2007 National       Children’s Nutrition and Physical Activity Survey. [Computer file]. Canberra: Australian Social Science

HARVARD
Freymueller, Jeffrey T., 2004, Alaska Volcano Observatory GPS Network Spurr: SPBG-Barrier Glacier P.S., GPS dataset, UNAVCO, doi:10.7283/T5DR2SVM.

National Native Title Tribunal, 2018, Native Title Determination Outcomes, electronic dataset, data.gov.au, viewed 12th October, 2018, https://data.gov.au/dataset/native-title-determination-outcomes.

CHICAGO
19. Jeffrey T. Freymueller, Jeffrey T., Alaska Volcano Observatory GPS Network Spurr: SPBG-Barrier Glacier P.S., (2004), distributed by UNAVCO, doi:10.7283/T5DR2SVM.

Freymueller, Jeffrey T..  Alaska Volcano Observatory GPS Network Spurr: SPBG-Barrier Glacier P.S. 2004. distributed by UNAVCO, doi:10.7283/T5DR2SVM.

Need help to cite a dataset?

Contact your Senior Research Librarian, or refer to UON’s Data Management Toolkit for information on data citations.

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